A review on coastal erosion and flooding risks and best management practices in West Africa: what has been done and should be done
The West African coast is vulnerable to natural hazards and human interventions. Although various measures have been taken at different scales, mostly at the local level, there is a need to improve management at the regional level. We examine these actions and possible solutions from different perspectives and provide conclusions and recommendations on the integration of solutions to improve coastal management. From North West Mauritania to across the Gulf of Guinea a system of coastal zoning that can be managed holistically is encouraged. The development of holistic planning is seen as a sustainable approach to management that seeks to link users/processes together rather than focus on a single particular issue and solution. Strengthening, monitoring, promoting the observation network and generalising open data centralisation and exchange for a better understanding of coastal dynamics and pressures is encouraged. There is a need for capacity building, expertise and federative actions. Furthermore, the need to identify and involve not only stakeholders, but also communities and scientists with multilevel inputs. All must agree on coordinated plans to achieve stakeholder objectives, using an approach adapted to the multi-spatial scale (e.g at the scale of sediment cells, integrating from the sources of sediment in river basins to their redistribution along the coast, perturbed by climate changes and anthropic stresses), so that only regional solutions are appropriate and will be effective. These must follow sustainable strategies with a multi-temporal sequenced solution and anticipate changes, or adaptive solutions using solutions in synergy with different time frames as well as managing natural and human systems responsibly. A plan that considers changes in coastal systems and anticipates impacts and adapts plans accordingly will be key.
Citation: Alves, B., Angnuureng, D.B., Morand, P. et al. A review on coastal erosion and flooding risks and best management practices in West Africa: what has been done and should be done. J Coast Conserv24, 38 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-020-00755-7